Centro Ricerche Fiat S.C.p.A. (CRF) was founded in 1976 as the Fiat Group's major source of expertise in innovation, research and development. It was established as a Società Consortile per Azioni, a consortium, whose shareholders are Group companies. CRF's objective is to use innovation as a strategic lever and to enhance the results of its work through the promotion, development and transfer of innovative content able to make products distinctive and competitive. With a workforce of over 850 highly-trained professionals, CRF boasts an extensive range of technical skills and a number of state-of-the-art laboratories to test powertrains, electromagnetic compatibility, to conduct noise and vibration analyses, driving simulation, to develop new materials and manufacturing processes and to investigate optoelectronics and micro-technologies. CRF was awarded over 50 projects in the European Seventh Framework Programme 2007-2013, confirming its significant contribution to European research.